Osaka University and Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International (ATR) have collaboratively developed a new portable teleoperated android robot, “Telenoid™ R1,” that can effectively transfer peoples’ presence.
Teleoperated android robots in the past, such as Geminoid™ HI-1 (developed by ATR) and Geminoid™ F (developed by Osaka Univ. and ATR) owned appearances similar to actual persons, and were intended to transfer presences of actual persons. The new Telenoid™ R1 was designed to appear and to behave as a minimalistic human; at the very first glance, one can easily recognize the Telenoid™ as a human while the Telenoid™ appear as both male and female, as both old and young. By this minimal design, the Telenoid™ allows people to feel as if an acquaintance in the distance is next to you. Moreover, Telenoid™’s soft and pleasant skin texture and small, child-like body size allows one to enjoy hugging and communicating with it easily.
The term Telenoid™ is a new term coined from a prefix Tele-, as Telephone and Teleoperation, and the Latin postfix -oides which indicates similarity, as Humanoid. Using Telenoid™s, we will investigate the essential elements for representing and transferring humanlike presence. In practical usage, we expect Telenoid™ to be used as a new communication media,
Features of Telenoid™ R1 include:
|Telenoid™ R1||Telenoid™ R2||Telenoid™ R2w||Telenoid™ R2l||Telenoid™ R3||Telenoid™ R3b||Telenoid™ R4|
|Release||Aug. 2010||Mar. 2011||Jan. 2012||Mar. 2012||Nov. 2012||Jun. 2013||Jul. 2013|
|Weight||Approx. 5kg||Approx. 3kg||Approx. 4kg||Approx. 2kg||Approx. 3kg||Approx. 3.5kg||Approx. 3.5kg|
|Sensor||None||One camera, two microphones, and one posture sensor (3 axes accelerometer and 2 axes gyro)||None||two microphones|
|Power||External DC power resource||Battery||External DC power resource||Battery|
|CPU||One microcontroller (ARM7 60Hz) is embedded. An external PC is used for Telenoid control.||One microcontroller (Arduino) is embedded. An external PC is used for Telenoid control.||One embedded computer (beaglebone) is embedded.|
|Degree of freedom||3 for eyeballs, 1 for mouth, 3 for neck, and two for amrs||1 for mouth, two for neck, and two for arms||3 for eyeballs, 1 for mouth, 3 for neck, and two for amrs|
|Exterior material||Silicone||Polyvinyl chloride|
|Improved point||Downsizing, Adding sensors, Changing exterior material||Wireless connection between Telenoid and external PC||Weight saving||Weight saving & Wireless connection between Telenoid and external PC||Embedded computer||Design change|
Telenoid R4 is the 4th-generation Telenoid that is refined based on our observation in field studies.-->
Development of Telenoid was partially supported by Grant-in Aid for Scientific Research (S), KAKENHI (20220002) [Principal Investigator: Hiroshi Ishiguro (Professor of Osaka University, ATR fellow) and JST CREST (Core Research of Evolutional Science & Technology) research promotion program]